Statistics Centre ?Abu Dhabi issues Abu Dhabi over a Half Century.Facts and Figures 1960 – 2010

WAM Abu Dhabi, 16 Dec. 2012 (WAM) — On the occasion of celebrating the United Arab Emirates National Day, Statistics Centre – Abu Dhabi (SCAD) issued a documentary book entitled Abu Dhabi over a Half Century…….Facts and Figures 1960 – 2010, which uses statistical figures to display the success story of Abu Dhabi Emirate in all economic, social and cultural fields over 50 years 1960 -2010.

Historical Overview: The book opens with an important overview that provides a brief history of the Abu Dhabi Emirate which dates back to thousands of years. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is characterized by an age-old heritage, from its ancient history to the contemporary diversity of its natural environment and wildlife. It is renowned for its tradition in poetry, prose and handicrafts.There is ample evidence of a strategically-important, thriving, resource-rich and diverse civilization, evidenced in archaeological excavations dating back thousands of years.Man first appears in what is now the Emirate of Abu Dhabi more than 7500 years ago. Archaeological discoveries have shown that the first inhabitants of the Emirate arrived in the first Stone Age, and there is evidence of mass graves dating back to 3000-2500 B.C. on the slopes of Jebel Hafeet in Al Ain. Over time, the Emirate saw the emergence of iron production and the start of the use of the Arabic alphabet, as well as evidence of a close relationship with the Assyrian and Persian empires.

During the Bronze Age, Abu Dhabi established trade relations with Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and the Indus Valley.Two years before the death of the Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him), in 630, a delegation from Medina came to this region to lead the call to Islam, in the area where the Bani Yas tribe lived in Liwa, who then migrated, under the leadership of Sheikh Al Bu Falah (Al Nahyan), to Abu Dhabi in order to dive for pearls.

The modern history of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi starts in the early seventeenth century, when the Bani Yas tribe settled in the Dhafra area. They controlled the areas stretching from Sabkha Matti in the north to the Empty Quarter in the south.In 1761 water was discovered on the Island of Abu Dhabi, and some members of the Bani Yas Tribe lived there by fishing and pearl diving. Maleeh flourished to became the first coastal settlement of the Bani Yas, and Sheikh Shakhboot bin Dhiab bin Issa Al Nahyan took the Island of Abu Dhabi as his permanent home.The Emirate of Abu Dhabi continued to prosper economically throughout the nineteenth century until the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, thanks to the abundance of pearls, but the prosperity of the pearl industry declined at the onset of the First World War, and suffered setbacks due to the global economic recession in late twenties and early thirties of the twentieth century. The invention by the Japanese of pearl culturing dealt the final blow to the industry, hitting Abu Dhabi severely.

In those times, life in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi was one of epic heroism, courage and patience in the face of the desert’s cruelty and the scarcity of water. The old residents of Abu Dhabi, Al Ain and Liwa oases, and Al Dhafra, worked in camel herding, harvesting dates, fishing and pearl diving, and moved to where there was water and pasturelands.?????????? ?????????? One of the sons born to the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Sultan Al Nahyan, was Sheikh Zayed (may God rest his soul in heaven), who was named after his grandfather, and who showed, from a young age, great interest in acquiring knowledge, understanding the mysteries of the desert and the sea, and how people relate to their environment and are affected by it.?????????? ??????????When he became a Representative of the Governor in Al Ain, at the age of only 28, he administered the affairs of Al Ain, six surrounding villages, and some villages in neighboring areas. During that period, he gained intimate knowledge of the affairs of government and the tribes, and put the plans in place that made Al Ain a model society in the field of agriculture, the provision of water resources, education, and other fields.?????????? ??????????In 1968, the British announced their intention to withdraw from the area within three years.?????????? ??????????When the idea of independence came to the fore, Sheikh Zayed hastened to invite the rulers of the other emirates to form a strong federation, a vision that materialized on December 2, 1971, the birth date of the United Arab Emirates.

???????The search for oil began in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in the 1930s.?????????? ??????????Oil was discovered in Abu Dhabi for the first time in 1958, and the first shipment of it was exported in 1962 from the Umm Shaiff field, making Abu Dhabi the first oil-exporting Emirate.?????????? ??????????It was a quantum leap, as the region’s economy had depended on pearls before oil.?????????? ??????????Sheikh Zayed (may God rest his soul) employed oil revenues well, using them to increase the welfare of his people with respect to education and the development of infrastructure. His reign, which lasted for 33 years, witnessed an unprecedented development, through which Abu Dhabi was transformed from a semi-nomadic society to the home of one of the most important, vital and highly advanced economic hubs in the world.?????????? The first experiment worldwide: Abu Dhabi over a Half Century stresses, using statistical data and figures that Abu Dhabi Emirate witnessed the most unique experience worldwide with regard to quick as well as balanced growth and development, with the reins of power in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, ushering in a rarely matched boom in all walks of life.??????????? ???????????A look at Abu Dhabi today reveals a place of magnificent beauty, developed infrastructure, quality services and remarkable development in the various aspects of discussed in this book, which spans five decades of prosperity, development and progress, visible in the diverse accomplishments that have encompassed all aspects of life in the Emirate and have come about as a direct result of the wise planning that chalked out the guidelines for the period under review.?????????? The book documents to a large extent, presenting statistical facts and figures, the achievement of Sheikh Zayed (may God rest his soul) who became the Ruler of Abu Dhabi on the sixth of August 1966. He assumed the reins of power in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, ushering in a rarely matched boom in all walks of life.??????????? ???????????Thanks to his wise management of the abundant natural resources in the country, the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is now among the world’s leading nations in terms of economic prowess and living standards of the citizens.??????????? Comprehensive development has continued under the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the UAE and Ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, and His Highness General Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces. ??????????With a strong political commitment to success and advancement in all ways, and through a clear vision for development and ambitious planning, the Emirate of Abu Dhabi continues to advance from strength to strength, pioneering a new model of development in the Arab world and the Middle East in general, where it is seen as one of the dynamic and fastest growing economies.?????????? more WAM/TF

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