New York, October 13 (QNA) – The State of Qatar has called to reinforce pillars of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), namely, non-proliferation, disarmament and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, calling upon all stakeholders to participate in the conference on the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons in the Middle East to be held at the end of this year.
The remarks came during a speech by the Secretary of the National Committee to Combat Terrorism and member of Qatar’s delegation to 67th UN General Assembly, Khaled Al Kabi before the UNGA First Committee on the general debate on all disarmament and international security agenda items.
Al Kabi pointed out that there has been more international concern as a result of the increased risk over the past decades of the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The selective and unfair dealing with it has led to the stockpiling of terrifying amounts of nuclear weapons, in addition to the development of new deadly weapons in many countries without regard to the NPT.
The Middle East continues to be a clear example of the lack of effectiveness of the Treaty NPT in achieving security for the parties as it is the only region that did not witness international efforts aimed at effectively freeing it from
Contrary to what some people may think, despite the international efforts that have been made in recent years and the holding of numerous conferences and forums in the United Nations, which unanimously agreed on the need to reduce military spending to maintain regional and international stability, the last teen years have witnessed an unprecedented rise in global military spending, particularly with respect to the acquisition of conventional arms, he said.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute military spending has increased by 4.5% during the period 2001-2009, he explained, noting that this points to the alarming pace of the armament in many parts of the world including in areas that are not under any military threat.
Building a world of peace and security is contingent on the fact that member States of United Nations meet their commitments on disarmament, thus, providing the United Nations with the necessary financial resources that would enable it to carry out its functions in promoting a culture of peace throughout the world, Al Kabi said.
While the total budget allocated to the United Nations and its agencies is nearly $30 Billion annually, the rate of global military spending stood at $1.74 Trillion Dollars in 2011 up from $1.3 Trillion in 2010.
These figures clearly indicate that declarations made by Member States do not go hand in hand in reality on the ground with their commitments on disarmament. And the only beneficiaries of this rapid rise in military spending are the arms manufacturing companies while the biggest victims remain peace and security throughout the world, he added.
In light of the forgoing, it seems that the goal of building a world of stability, security and renunciation of violence will remain elusive as long as the vast majority of member states prefer a sense of false security that further accumulation of weapons may bring over real safety. Which is guaranteed by the promotion of weapons may bring over real safety, which is guaranteed by the promotion of a culture of peace, understanding and cooperation among peoples. If military brings geopolitical superiority peace brings economic prosperity and stability, he said.
Al Kabi further pointed out to another challenge in the field of disarmament, which is the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and the failure to review this problem in a professional manner as a blind eye is turned to the responsibility of countries of origin which export millions of such weapons without restrictions or sufficient control on exports.
“The other matter of deep concern to us is the proliferation of landmines and cluster munitions such as those planted by Israel in southern Lebanon, which continue to kill and maim civilians. Therefore, we have signed the Wellington Declaration on cluster munitions of the Dublin Conference,” he went on saying.
Al Kabi stressed the inviolability of the right of states parties to acquire nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and that no obstacles should be put in the way of non-nuclear states parties to the treaty in their quest to develop nuclear capabilities for peaceful purposes. We call for the settlement of the dispute over the Iranian nuclear issue through peaceful means in accordance with the charter of United Nations and International law.
The State of Qatar is also active in promoting disarmament machinery through continuous coordination with regional and sub-regional organizations such as the League of Arab States the Gulf Council Cooperation, in order to strengthen regional cooperation in the field of disarmament including through tightening controls on exports and strengthen the capacity of border control in the region, he explained .
In cooperation between the defense and security services and observance of environmental norms in disarmament through relevant environmental bodies. The State of Qatar beliefs that the these regional bodies are effective and play complementary role to the United Nations in the maintenance of International peace and security.
Likewise, the State of Qatar participate positively and actively in the deliberations that take place within the United Nations system on disarmament in order to enhance consensus within those bodies and activating their work. The State of Qatar also stresses the importance of taking effective measures to contribute to strengthening international peace and security taking into account the principles of the right of states to acquire the means of self-defense as well as the sovereignty of states and the non-interference in their internal affairs with due consideration to the specificity of each region with regards to security and defense, he added.
Concluding, Al Kabi emphasized the need to recognize the primacy of nuclear disarmament on the agenda of disarmament and the need for Member States to exercise flexibility and political will to reach common goals bearing in mind that this agreements by Member States and by abstaining from politicizing the work of the disarmament mechanism. (qna)